Declaration on Human Rights Defenders.

In December 1998, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted the «Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms », commonly known as the “UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders”.

Nowadays, this instrument constitutes the guiding document for all international and regional mechanisms in terms of promotion and protection of human rights defenders.

Extracts from the Declaration


Article 1

Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to promote and to strive for the protection and realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national and international levels.
[…]

Article 6

Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others:


(a) To know, seek, obtain, receive and hold information about all human rights and fundamental
freedoms, including having access to information as to how those rights and freedoms are given effect in domestic legislative, judicial or administrative systems;

(b) As provided for in human rights and other applicable international instruments, freely to publish, impart or disseminate to others views, information and knowledge on all human rights and fundamental freedoms;

(c) To study, discuss, form and hold opinions on the observance, both in law and in practice, of all human rights and fundamental freedoms and, through these and other appropriate means, to draw public attention to those matters.

Download UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders file type pdf

Reports and treaties